I've moved "OSCE diagram rev 1 pptx to a different file folder:
and I've just made jpg versions of everything and uplpoaded on this reply to make it easier. In all cases, the reason for these diagrams is to explore and display the distinctions between an open source circular economy (OSCE) and a closed source circular economy (CSCE). In particular, we are interested in exploring the less explored side of the circular economy, the ECONOMY side, and to unpack the different types of value flows possible in a CE. The specifc way we achieve a circular flow of stocks can determine the economic and social wellbeing of a society, so it's a really relevant question to explore.
We make some common sense assumptions here which may not be valid so we invite everyone to comment and offer feedback. This analysis doesn't imply we are in favor of replacing all CSCE and all at once, as that in itself would be both unrealistic and could easily result in stranded assets. Common sense tells us, however, that our future will be more just if Open Source, Decentralized, Local Circular Economies make up a significant portion of the types of future CEs. What will be the centralized/decentralized or open source/closed source distribution look like? What is achievable? What it optimal? These are all open questions. In educating people on the distinctions, it could help organizations to make an informed decision about how best to achieve holistic wellbeing by meeting the triple bottom line of planet, people and economy.
6.1 – First drawing Open Source CE vs Closed Source CE
- The usual linear take-make-waste economy flow is shown in the middle horizontal part of the diagram. It starts with Resource Extraction on the left-hand-side and ends with Waste on the right-hand-side(ie. Landfill, ocean, CO2 emissions, etc)
- The two ends of this linear chain are shown in red with arrows to indicate that they are the two end products of a linear economy:resource shortages and increases in waste load.
- The yellow oval loop on the top part of the diagram shows what happens in a Close Source Circular Economy. The iner flow circle starting at MANUFACTURING block shows: centraliized production leading to a sales in a consumerist-based economy (where profit depends on creating novel goods and services, and hence supporting a throwaway culture. In such a circular economy, it may not be throwaway but it is supporting short product cycle times, which still consumes a lot of energy and resources. Automation and job loss are supported by centralized production as each producer competes to reduce costs. This leads to lower employment, more scarcity and greater inequality which supports competition and encourages protection of idea, patents and close source. Only those producers with access to capital can produce.
- The yellow loop is a circularized economy that maintains the current status quo economic centralization, inequality and closed source knowledge approach. It may resolve ecological problems but not social and economic ones.
- The Green loop is the open source circular economy. The inner circular loop shows decentralized, peer production and results in a service based economy with an emphasis on building things that last and providing work through maintenance and repair and supports local economies. This creates abundance as many more people have a chance to derive a livelihood as a producer, and this encourages collaboration and especially sharing of ideas, which encourages more peer production.
- The main point of the diagram? ...as we are transitioning the physical flows to circular ones, why not transition the value flows at the same time? This way, we will achieve a holistic society of wellbeing.
6.2 – Second diagram - Sector diagram
This diagram uses 3 different variables on x, y, z axis - linear vs circular flows on x, centralized vs decentralized production on y and open source vs closed source on the z axis. It shows that:
1. (linear, centralized, closed) - red sector is the worst
2. (circular, centralized, closed) - yellow sector is better but not the best - addresses physical and biophysical but not social and ecological juistice
3. (circular, decentralized, open) - green sector is the best because it addresses the entire triple bottom line of business, people and planet
Third DIagram - Stock vs Value flows of Open Source vs Closed Source
This diagram uses the blocks of the linear flow on a diagonal line. The circular flow is created by "closing the loop" between Manufacturing and End of Life of the product"
There are two types of Circular Economies shown:
1. Above the diagonal line is the (Circular, centralized, closed source) type of circular economy
2. Below the diagonal line is the (Circular, decentralized, open source) type of circular economy
The GDP of each worker employed in each sector (RE- resource extraction, RP - resource processing, M - manufacturing, etc...) is shown. The green lines in decentralized scenario indicates a more even distribution of GDP while the red line in the centralized scenario indicates inequality.
The orange arrows indicate stock flows while purple arrows indicate monetary flow. Note in the centralized CE, there is a small population that has significantly more GDP and hence higher stock flow.